Literature
  • CABIIE 1988a
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 4 (revised). CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 3 pp.
  • CABIIE 1987
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 484. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 2 pp.
  • CABIIE 1988
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 503. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CABIIE 1986
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 7 (revised). CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 2 pp.
  • CABI/EPPO 1992
  • Quarantine Pests for Europe. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1032 pp.
  • CABI 2000
  • Crop Protection Compendium, global module, 2nd edition (on CD-ROM). CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
  • CABI 2000a
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests No. 610. 1p.
  • CABI/EPPO 1998c
  • Distribution Maps of Quarantine Pests for Europe No. 131, CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
  • CABI/EPPO 1998a
  • Distribution Maps of Quarantine Pests for Europe No. 154, CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
  • CABI/EPPO 1998b
  • Distribution Maps of Quarantine Pests for Europe No. 155, CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
  • CABI/EPPO 1998
  • Distribution Maps of Quarantine Pests for Europe No. 19. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
  • CABI/EPPO 1997
  • Distribution Maps of Pests No. 349 (revised). CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 2 pp.
  • CABI/EPPO 1998d
  • Distribution Maps of Pests No. 582. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CABI/EPPO 2000
  • Distribution Maps of Pests No. 610. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • Cadahia 1989
  • Hemiberlesia pitysophila Takagi (Homoptera, Diaspididae), a lethal pest of Pinus massoniana Lamb. in China. (In Spanish.) Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas 15: 343-363.
  • CAN 1994
  • Comunidad Andina de Naciones. Inventario de Plagas y Enfermedades de Importancia Económica que afectan a la Agricultura Subregional: Decisión 328, July
  • Canales Canales, Valdivieso 1999
  • Handbook for biological control in olives. (In Spanish.) Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria, Jesus Maria, Peru. 37 pp.
  • Caprile 2000
  • Pests of apple. University of California Pest Management Guidelines. http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.apples.html
  • , Elmer 1978
  • Pests and diseases of the date palm. Agriculture Handbook, Science and Education Administration, United States Department of Agriculture No. 527. 42 pp.
  • Carillo 1995
  • Life cycle of Lepidosaphes ulmi (L.) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae). Revista Chilena de Entomologia 22: 14.
  • Carver 1991a
  • Superfamily Aleyrodoidea. In: I.D. Naumann (ed.), The insects of Australia. Second edition. Volume I. Division of Entomology, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. Melbourne University Press, Victoria, Australia: 450-452.
  • Carver 1991b
  • Superfamily Aphidoidea. In: I.D. Naumann (ed.), The insects of Australia. Second edition. Volume I. Division of Entomology, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. Melbourne University Press, Victoria, Australia: 452-457.
  • Carver 1991
  • 30. Hemiptera. In: I.D. Naumann (ed.), The insects of Australia. Second edition. Volume I. Division of Entomology, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. Melbourne University Press, Victoria, Australia: 429-509.
  • Ceballos, 1986
  • Aspidiotiphagus sp. (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae): artificial host test for massive rearing. Revista de Protección Vegetal 1: 137-140.
  • Chamberlin 1927
  • Status and synonymy of the dictyospermum scale. Monthly Bulletin, California Department of Agriculture 16: 484-491.
  • 1995
  • Persistence of the predatory mite, Hemisarcoptes coccophagus Meyer (Hemisarcoptidae), on low populations of Hemiberlesia lataniae (Signoret) (Diaspididae) in New Zealand. In: K.R.S. Ascher and Y. Ben-Dov (eds), Proceedings of the VII International Symposium of Scale Insect Studies, Bet Dagan, Israel. Israel Journal of Entomology 29: 297-300.
  • Charlín 1973
  • Coccoidea of Easter Island (Homoptera). Revista Chilena de Entomologia 7: 111-114.
  • Charmoy 1899
  • Notes sur les Cochenilles. (Not seen.) The Planters and Commercial Gazette, Maurice (Société Amicale Scientifique)
  • Charmoy 1898
  • Description d'une espèce nouvelle d'Aspidiotus (Hemipt.) (In French.) Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 14: 278-279.
  • Chazeau 1979
  • Sukunahikona prapawan, nouvelle espèce de Coccinellidae de Mélanésie. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 84: 117-121.
  • 1983
  • The Chionaspidini (Diaspididae, Coccoidea, Homoptera) from China. (In Chinese, with English summary). Science and Technology Publishing House, Sichuan Province, China. 175 pp.
  • 1996
  • Eco-spatial distribution pattern of major pests and diseases of Phyllostachys pubescens. (In Chinese.) Journal of Bamboo Research 15: 54-59.
  • Chillar 1993
  • Incidence and intensity of sugarcane scale insect, Melanaspis glomerata (Green) in Haryana State. Indian Sugar 43: 315-318.
  • , Kouskolekas 1978
  • Laboratory rearing of tea scale. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 71: 850-851.
  • , Kouskolekas 1980
  • Observations on reproductive biology of tea scale, Fiorinia theae Green. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 15: 327-331.
  • 1984
  • Monograph of Diaspididae of China. (In Chinese.) Shanxi Publishing House of Science and Technology, Shanxi, China. 432 pp.
  • 1982
  • Monographia Diaspidarum Sinensium. Vol. I. Eldonejo de Sciencia Kaj Tekniko, Shaanxi, China. 195 pp.
  • Chowdhuri 1977
  • San José scale. Quadraspidiotus perniciosus (Comstock). Science and Culture 43: 512.
  • Chua, 1990
  • 3.9.2 Other tropical fruit trees and shrubs. In: D. Rosen (ed.), Armoured scale insects, their biology, natural enemies and control. Vol. 4B. World Crop Pests. Elsevier, Amsterdam, the Netherlands: 543-552.
  • Claps 2000
  • Redescriptión de cinco especies de Diaspididae (Hemiptera, Coccoidea) de la región Neotropical. Revista Brasiliera de Entomologia, Sao Paulo 44: 91-95.
  • Claps, Terán 2001
  • Diaspididae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) asociadas a cítricos en la provincia de Tucumán (República Argentina). Neotropical Entomology 30: 391-402.
  • Claps 2001
  • Catálogo de las especies de Diaspididae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) nativas de Argentina, Brasil y Chile. Insecta Mundi (1999) 13: 239-256.
  • Clavijo 1977
  • Scale insects (Homoptera: Coccoidea) on nursery plants in the region of Maracay, Aragua State, Venezuela. Revista de la Facultad de Agronomia, Universidad Central de Venezuela 9: 113-122.
  • Cochereau 1969
  • Biological control of Aspidiotus destructor Signoret (Homoptera, Diaspinae) in the Isle of Vate (New Hybrides) by means of Rhizobius pulchellus Montrouzier (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). (In French; Summary In English). Cahiers ORSTOM No. 8: 57-100.
  • Cockerell 1897e
  • Further notes on Coccidae from Brazil. Revista do Museo Paulista 2: 383-384.
  • Cockerell 1894b
  • Further notes on scale insects. (Coccidae). Canadian Entomologist 26: 189-191.
  • Cockerell 1899c
  • Four new diaspine Coccidae. Canadian Entomologist 31: 105-107.
  • Cockerell 1892
  • Museum notes. Journal of the Institute of Jamaica 1: 134-137.
  • Cockerell 1898c
  • New Coccidae from Mexico. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Ser. 7) 1:
    426-440.
  • Cockerell 1898a
  • New North American insects. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) 2: 321-331.
  • Cockerell 1893
  • Museum notes. Coccidae. Journal of the Institute of Jamaica 1: 180.
  • Cockerell 1892a
  • Institute of Jamaica. Notes from the museum No. 5. Insect pests: scale-insects of the coconut. (Not seen.) Gleaner (Jan. 29).
  • Cockerell 1898b
  • Note on Aspidiotus greenii. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 34: 184-185.
  • Cockerell 1894c
  • Notes on some Trinidad Coccidae. Journal of the Trinidad Field Naturalists' Club 1: 306-310.
  • Cockerell 1900a
  • Note on Chrysomphalus dictyospermi, a scale insect from Cannes. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 36: 157.
  • Cockerell 1902c
  • Note sur le genre Hemichionaspis [Coccid.] et description d'une espèce nouvelle. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France (1902): 81-82.
  • Cockerell 1897d
  • Notes on new Coccidae. 1. A new coccid pest of greenhouses. 2. A Japanese coccid quarantined at San Francisco. Psyche 8: 52-53.
  • Cockerell 1893j
  • Notes on some Mexican Coccidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Ser. 6) 12: 47-53.
  • Cockerell 1895
  • New species of Coccidae. Psyche 7: 7-8.
  • Cockerell 1894
  • Notes on some scale insects of the sub-family Diaspinae. Canadian Entomologist 26: 127-132.
  • Cockerell 1893f
  • A list of West Indian Coccidae. Journal of the Institute of Jamaica 1: 252-256.
  • Cockerell 1896a
  • Preliminary diagnoses of new Coccidae. Psyche VII, Supplement 1: 20.
  • Cockerell 1899
  • Article VII. - First supplement to the check-list of the Coccidae. Bulletin of the Illinois State Laboratory of Natural History 5: 389-398.
  • Cockerell 1902
  • A new Aspidiotus from Pinus sylvestris. Ohio Naturalist 2: 287-288.
  • Cockerell 1902b
  • A new gall-making coccid.
    Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) 9: 20-26.
  • Cockerell 1896b
  • A new scale-insect infesting date-palms. The Entomologist 29: 52.
  • Cockerell 1897a
  • Contributions to Coccidology. -II. The American Naturalist 31: 588-592.
  • Cockerell 1896
  • Coccidae or scale insects. - IX. Bulletin of the Botanical Department, Jamaica (New Series) 3: 256-259.
  • Cockerell 1905a
  • Some Coccidae from the Philippine Islands. Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Science 10: 127-136.
  • Cockerell 1893e
  • Coccidae, or scale insects, which live on orchids. Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette 13: 548.
  • Cockerell 1900
  • Some Coccidae quarantined at San Francisco. Psyche 9: 70-72.
  • Cockerell 1898
  • Some new Coccidae. Annals of the Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) 2: 24-27.
  • Cockerell 1899a
  • Some notes on Coccidae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Phildelphia (1899): 259-275.
  • Cockerell 1922
  • Some Coccidae found on orchids (Hom.). Entomological News 33: 149.
  • Cockerell 1902a
  • The coccid genus Aulacaspis. The Entomologist 35: 58-59.
  • Cockerell 1901a
  • The Coccidae of Brazil. [Review of Hempel's "As Coccidas Brazileiras."] American Naturalist 35: 63-64.
  • Cockerell 1900b
  • Table to separate the commoner scales (Coccidae) of the orange. Memorias de la Sociedad Científica "Antonio Alazte" 13: 349-351.
  • Cockerell 1905
  • Tables for the identification of Rocky Mountain Coccidae (scale insects and mealybugs). Colorado University Studies 2: 189-203.
  • Cockerell 1901
  • South African Coccidae. The Entomologist 34: 223-227, 248-250.
  • Cockerell 1893g
  • The West Indian species of Mytilaspis and Pinnaspis. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 29: 155-158.
  • Cockerell 1894a
  • A check list of Nearctic Coccidae. Canadian Entomologist 26: 31-36.
  • Cockerell 1893b
  • West Indian Coccidae. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 29: 38-41.
  • Cockerell 1893a
  • A list of West Indian Coccidae. Journal of the Institute of Jamaica 1: 252-256.
  • Cockerell 1897
  • The San José scale and its nearest allies. United States Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology, Technical Series 6: 1-31.
  • Cockerell 1893h
  • Aspidiotus bowreyi, n. sp. Journal of the Institute of Jamaica 1: 383.
  • Cockerell 1899b
  • [Aleurodidae and Coccidae.] Biologia Central Americana Insecta Rhynchota Hemiptera - Homoptera. Volume 2, Part 1. London: 1-37.
  • Cockerell 1897b
  • The San José scale and its nearest allies. United States Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology, Technical Series 6: 1-31.
  • Cockerell 1893d
  • The distribution of Coccidae. Insect Life 6: 99-103.
  • Cockerell, Robinson 1915
  • Article II. Descriptions and records of Coccidae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 34: 105-113.
  • Cohic 1959
  • Enquête sur les parasites animaux d'interêt agricole à Wallis. Institut Français d'Oceanie. O.R.S.T.O.M., Nouméa, New Caledonia. 69 pp.
  • Cohic 1955
  • Rapport d'une mission aux établissements français d'l'Océanie. Fascicle III. Enquête sur les parasites animaux des cultures. Institut Français d'Océanie, Nouméa, ORSTOM. 68 pp.
  • Cohic 1950
  • Activité saissonière de la faune économique Néo-Calédonie. Revue française d'Entomologie 17: 6-87.
  • Cohic 1956
  • Parasites animaux des plantes cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances. O.R.S.T.O.M., Institut Française d'Oceanie, Nouméa, New Caledonia. 91 pp.
  • Cohic 1958
  • Contribution à l'étude des cochenilles d'interêt économique de Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances. Technical Paper, South Pacific Commission No. 116: 1-35.
  • 1903
  • Coccidae of the Coniferae, with the descriptions of ten new species from California. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 11: 61-85.
  • Coll, Abd-Rabou 1998
  • Effect of oil emulsion sprays on parasitoids of the black parlatoria, Parlatoria ziziphi, in grapefruit. BioControl 43: 29-37.
  • 1968
  • The pineapple. Leonard Hill, London, UK. 294 pp.
  • Colvée 1880
  • Ensayo sobre una nueva enfermedad del olivo, producida por una nueva especie del genero Aspidiotus. Gaceta Agrícola del Ministerio de Fomento 14: 21-41.
  • Colvée 1881
  • Estudios sobre algunos insectos de la familia de los coccidos. (In Spanish.) Nicasio Rius Monfort, Valencia. 40 pp.
  • Colvée 1882
  • Nuevos estudios sobre algunos insectos de la familia de los Coccidos. Valencia. 16pp.
  • Colyn, Schaffer 1993
  • The South African mango industry. Fourth international mango symposium, Miami, Florida, USA, 5-10 July 1992. Acta Horticulturae 341: 60-68.
  • CIE 1958
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 85. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1970a
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 269. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1973
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 307. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1977
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 369. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1981
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 418. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1981a
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 419. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1957
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 80. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1967a
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 235. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1976
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 360. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1964b
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 185. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1978
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 386. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1964
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 186. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1964a
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 187. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1985
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 468. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1966
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 218. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1970
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 268. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1969
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 3 (revised). CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 2 pp.
  • CIE 1962c
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 148. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1962
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 149. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1966a
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 217. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1978a
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 81 (revised). CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1966b
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 218. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1967
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 233. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1962a
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 146. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1962b
  • Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 147. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 1 p.
  • CIE 1982
  • Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), Map No. 49 (revised). CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 2 pp.
  • Compere 1961
  • The red scale and its insect enemies. Hilgardia 31: 173-278.
  • Comstock 1881a
  • Notes on Coccidae. Canadian Entomologist 13: 8-9.
  • Comstock 1883
  • Second report on scale insects. Including a monograph of the sub-family Diaspinae of the family Coccidae and a list, with notes, of the other species of scale insects found in North America. Report, Cornell University Experiment Station Department of Entomology (1882-
  • Comstock 1881
  • Report of the entomologist of the United States Department of Agriculture for the year 1880, Part II - Report on scale insects. Annual Report of the Department of Agriculture for 1880: 276-349.
  • 2001
  • A putative molecular phylogeny of nine scale insect "families" and its implications. Entomologica 33 (1999): 166.
  • Cooley 1898
  • New species of Chionaspis and notes on previously known species. Canadian Entomologist 30: 85-90.
  • Cooley 1897
  • New species of Chionaspis. Canadian Entomologist 29: 278-282.
  • Cooley 1899
  • The coccid genera Chionaspis and Hemichionaspis. Special Bulletin, Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station: 1-57.
  • , Cranshaw 1999
  • The natural enemy complex associated with pine needle scale, Chionaspis pinifoliae (Fitch) (Homoptera: Diaspididae), in north central Colorado. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 72: 131-133.
  • Coquillet 1891
  • Report on various methods for destroying scale insects. United States Department of Agriculture. Division of Entomology. No. 29: 19-36.
  • Coronado Branco 1998
  • Nuevo registro de Plagiomerus diaspidis Crawford en Tamaulipas, Mexico, sobre la escama Diaspis echinocacti (Bouché). Acta Zoologica Mexicana 75: 203-204.
  • Costa Lima 1934
  • Sobre alguns coccideos. Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal 1: 131-138.
  • Costa 2000
  • Pests of turfgrass. University of California Pest Management Guidelines. http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.turfgrass.html
  • Costa 1829
  • Fauna del regno di Napoli, famiglia de coccinigliferi o de' gallinsetti. Emitteri, Napoli, Italy. 23 pp.
  • Costa 1828
  • Prospetto di una nuova divisione metodica del genere Coccus, Lin. Lam. Ec. Dalla Tipografia Trani, Napoli, Italy. 8 pp.
  • Coviello, Bentley 2000
  • Pests of fig. University of California Pest Management Guidelines. http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.figs.html
  • Craw 1890
  • Parasites, fertilising, sour orange stock, fumigating, new scale insect, etc. Report, California State Board of Horticulture 347-349.
  • Cressman, Plank 1935
  • The camphor scale. United States Department of Agriculture Circular No. 365. 19 pp.
  • Cressman 1935
  • Biology of the camphor scale and a method for predicting the time of appearance of stages in the field. Journal of Agricultural Research 50: 267-283.
  • Crouzel 1973
  • Studies on the biological control of scales (Diaspididae) that attack citrus crops in the Republic of Argentina. (In Spanish.) Idia 304: 15-39.
  • CSIRO 2001
  • Website http://www.ento.csiro.au/aicn
  • 1989
  • Mango pests and disorders. Department of Primary Industries, Queensland Government, Information Series Q, 189007: 10-11.
  • 1843a
  • Aspidiotus concchiformis (the apple-tree mussel scale, or dry scale). Gardener's Chronicle 42: 735-736.
  • 1843b
  • The small brown scale, Aspidiotus proteus, Nobis. Gardeners' Chronicle 39: 676.
  • 1843
  • Aspidiotus ostreaeformis (the pear-tree oysterscale). Gardener's Chronicle 46: 805.