Hemiberlesia pitysophila


  • Cadahia, D. 1989. Hemiberlesia pitysophila Takagi (Homoptera, Diaspididae), a lethal pest of Pinus massoniana Lamb. in China. (In Spanish.) Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas 15: 343-363.
  • Gu, D. and Y. Murakami 1990. Ecological studies on the pine needle hemiberlesian scale, Hemiberlesia pitysophila Takagi (Homoptera: Diaspididae) and its parasitoid, Coccobius azumai Tachikawa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). (In Japanese.) Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 45: 31-36.
  • Kawai, S. 1980. Scale insects of Japan in colors. (In Japanese.) National Agricultural Education Association, Tokyo. 455 pp.
  • Lian, J.H. and Z.Y. Tang 1985. Experimental control of Hemiberlesia pitysophila Takagi with 'Emulsion 82'. (In Chinese.) Forest Science and Technology Linye Keji Tongxun 9: 29-31.
  • Liang, G.Q. and Z.Y. Chen 1990. A preliminary survey of parasitoid wasps of Hemiberlesia pitysophila. (In Chinese.) Natural Enemies of Insects 12: 1-6, 20.
  • Pan, W.Y., Chen, S.L., Lian, J.H., Qiu, H.Z. and G. Lan 1989a. A preliminary report on control of Hemiberlesia pitysophila using Cladosporium cladosporioides. (In Chinese.) Forest Pest and Disease 3: 22-23.
  • Pan, W.Y., Tang, Z.Y. Chen, Z.F., Yang, Z.X. and J.H. Lian 1989. Studies on bionomics of Hemiberlesia pitysophila and its control. (In Chinese.) Forest Pest and Disease 1: 1-6.
  • Pan, W.Y., Tang, Z.Y., Xia, G.L., Lian, J.H. and J.L. Hu 1987. Studies of a new destructive forest pest in South China: pine needle Hemiberlesian scale (Coccoidea: Diaspididae). (In Chinese; summary in English). Contributions from Shanghai Institute of Entomology 7: 177-189.
  • Tachikawa, T. 1988. A new and economically important species of Coccobius (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) parasitic on Hemiberlesia pitysophila Takagi (Homoptera: Diaspididae) in Okinawa, Japan. Transactions of the Shikoku Entomological Society 19: 67-71.
  • Takagi, S. 1969. Diaspididae of Taiwan based on material collected in connection with the Japan - U.S. co-operative science programme, 1965 (Homoptera: Coccoidea). Part I. Insecta Matsumurana, Series Entomology 32: 1-110.
  • Tao, C. 1999. List of Coccoidea (Homoptera) of China. Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Wufeng, Taichung, Taiwan, China. 176 pp.
  • Tong, C.J., Tang, Z.Y. and W.Y. Pan 1988. Preliminary study on the fluctuation of natural populations of Hemiberlesia pitysophila. (In Chinese.) Forest Science and Technology 2: 6-11.
  • Viggiani, G. and R. Hui 1986. Two new aphelinids from China (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria "Filippo Silvestri" 43: 35-39.
  • Wilson, L.F. 1993. China's Masson pine forests: cure or curse? Journal of Forestry 91: 30-33.
  • Wu, W.J. and S.P. Shen 1990. Control by the predatory mite Anystis baccarum of Hemiberlesia pitysophila (Homoptera: Diaspididae). (In Chinese.) Natural Enemies of Insects 12: 100.
  • Xie, G.L., Pan, W.Y., Tang, Z.Y., Ding, D.C. and J.H. Lian 1997. Evaluation on the effective and stable control of Hemiberlesia pitysophila Takagi with Coccobius azumai Tachikawa. (In Chinese.) Acta Entomologica Sinica 40: 135-144.
  • Xie, Y. 1982. The scale insects of the forest and fruit trees in Shanxi of China. China Forestry Publishing House. 147 pp.